Clocks change 2018: When do the clocks change? What date do they go back?
THE clocks will be changing shortly as we revert back to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) from British Summer Time (BST), but when are the clocks changing?
In the UK the clocks change twice a year, the clocks go forward on the last Sunday in March and back on the last Sunday in October.
When they go back, we get an extra hour in bed.
The clocks will go back one hour at 2am on Sunday, October 28, 2018.
Britain will change from British Summer Time (BST), which means more daylight in the evenings and less in the mornings, to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) which means less daylight in the evenings.
To remember when the clocks change, there is a simple phrase to remind you.
This is ‘spring forward, fall back’ – so the clocks go forward in the spring and back in the fall (autumn).
Why do the clocks change?
The idea was first suggested by American inventor Benjamin Franklin who first came up with the idea in Paris in 1784.
He said if people got up earlier when it was lighter, then it would save on candles.
However builder William Willett – the great-great-grandfather of Coldplay’s Chris Martin – brought the idea to the UK and argued if the clocks went forward in the summer, it would save on energy costs and give people longer to enjoy the outdoors.
In 1907, he published a leaflet called The Waste of Daylight, encouraging people to get out of bed earlier.
He was a keen golfer and got cross when his games would be cut short because the sun went down and there wasn’t enough light to carry on playing.
The idea of changing the clocks was discussed by the government in 1908 but it was not made law.
But the British government eventually introduced it in 1916 – a year after Willett died.
The British government passed the Summer Time Act and daylight saving time was introduced in a bid to save fuel during the war and money.
There was an experiment between 1968 and 1971 which kept clocks one hour ahead of GMT all year round.
But Britain reverted back to the familiar system of GMT in the winter and British Summer Time between March and October.
When do the clocks change in 2019?
In 2019, the clocks will go forward on March 31 at 1am, when the country goes back to British Summer Time (BST), which means less light in the mornings and more in the evenings.
They will go back one hour at 2am on October 28 2019 and return to GMT.
The reason the clocks change on a weekend in the middle of the night is to limit the disruption for schools and businesses.